Chemical elements
  Gallium
    Eka-aluminium
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical properties
    Chemical properties
      Gallium dichloride
      Gallium trichloride
      Gallium sesqui-oxide
      Gallium hydroxide
      Gallium sulphide
      Gallium sulphate
      Gallium ammonium alum
      Gallium Silicotungstate
      Gallium nitrate
    PDB 1cfw-2kt4

Chemical properties of Gallium






Gallium is only superficially oxidised when heated, even to redness, in air or oxygen. It does not decompose water at 100°, and under air-free water it remains bright and unaffected for a long time. It dissolves slowly in mineral acids. Solid gallium dissolves much faster in hydrochloric acid than does the liquid metal. Warm nitric acid dissolves it slowly, and the best acid solvent is aqua regia. Gallium dissolves in potassium hydroxide, with the liberation of hydrogen. It unites directly with chlorine, bromine, and iodine, in decreasing order of activity.

Gallium forms two classes of compounds, of the types GaX3 and GaX2 (X denoting a univalent acid radicle). The latter closely resemble the compounds of aluminium. Concerning the former, which instantly reduce potassium permanganate in dilute acid solution, very little is known.


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